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The growing number of breast cancer amongst women has made women terrified of this cancer, and small incidents cause them to worry unnecessarily. The frightening statistics cause women to lose hope as many are urged to undergo mammography, in case the dreaded disease is present in their bodies. However research suggests that intake of certain natural substances such as vitamin D and avoiding carcinogenic substances can help reduce the risk of breast cancer.

What is Breast Cancer?

Before we dwell on the latest research regarding what factors help to prevent breast cancer, it is important to understand what breast cancer is.

Breast cancer is a kind of malignant tumor that starts developing in the breast cells. The abnormal cell growth invades healthy cells in the body. The group of cancer cells can invade into the surrounding tissues, and if aggressive, it may spread to the other parts of the body (metastasize). Breast cancer can arise from the tissues in inner lining of the milk ducts or the lobules. Cancer which has its origin in the ducts is known as ductal carcinoma whereas those originating from the lobules are known as lobular carcinomas.

Breast cancer has become one the most common kinds of cancer affecting women globally. Increasing number of women are facing this condition due to varied factors such as age, sex, genetic predisposition, dietary habits, medical condition, hectic lifestyle and intake of unhealthy foodstuff.

Latest Research

Researchers and scientists are continuously researching to identify other substance that can help the bodily to reduce breast cancer risk. One such latest finding is that of carotenoids, phytonutrients that are found in orange, yellow and red colored vegetables and fruits, which significantly reduces breast cancer risk. The study was published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute and stated that there is a vital converse relationship between the levels of circulating total as well as individual carotenoids and breast cancer risk malignancies. Therefore, higher the consumption of foods rich in carotenoid, lower is your chances of breast cancer risk.

Eight cohort studies were researched and analyzed by scientist S. Heather Eliassen, Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and research team headed by her. These studies are very crucial as it studies nearly 80% of the world’s data in print on serum levels of carotenoids and plasma in breast cancer.

On the other hand, the latest study analyzed 3,055 subjects with 3,956 matched control subjects. For study purposes the levels of carotenoid in all the subjects were recalibrated to a regular standard. This enabled researchers to get proper and accurate measurement to compare and study. The results depicted that there is a strong link between those who didn’t have breast cancer, but had high carotenoid level in the body. These findings were stronger for estrogen receptor negative (ER-) breast cancer; it is a kind of breast cancer which is very complex to treat and cure.

Study authors are of the opinion that the observed inverse association between ER- tumors shows that carotenoids are changeable risk factors. A diet high in carotenoid rich foodstuffs such as vegetables and fruits has many benefits to the health, including the lowering of breast cancer risk.

This isn’t the first study to bring out the anti-cancer properties of carotenoids, earlier studies have found that carotenoids are useful in inhibiting the development of tumor as well as reducing the spread of the estrogen receptors positive (ER+) and estrogen receptor negative (ER-) breast cancer. The latest study further proves the findings of the previous theories and also raises the possibility that carotenoid rich diet or supplements consisting of these nutrients, can help stop breast cancer from emerging at all. Some of the most general carotenoids are alpha-carotene, zeaxanthhin, lutein, beta- cryptoxanthin and lycopene.

Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet which is rich in all the important nutrients and is also high on carotenoids, in order to be able to avoid breast cancer risk.


Author Biography:

Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) has been a pioneer in providing best cancer treatment as well as follow up to patients suffering from various cancer types. With branches in Newnan, Philadelphia, Chicago, Tulsa etc., CTCA aims at providing the best treatment options to cancer patients.



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