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What is the official definition of infertility?  If you have tried actively and continuously for one full year to conceive, or if you have had two or more miscarriages, this would be defined as infertility.  Worldwide, over 90 million couples are attempting to have a baby at any given time, and one in six of these couples experience problems with infertility.  The average fertile couple between the ages of 29 and 33 will have approximately a 20 to 25 per cent chance of conceiving during each menstrual cycle.  As women approach their mid 30s to early 40s, their chances of becoming pregnant drop drastically by one third to one half.

In modern times, age is an increasingly common cause of infertility due to the fact that approximately 20 per cent of women in the United States now attempt to conceive their first child after the age of 35.  With increasing age, there is a decline in the ability of a woman’s ovaries to release viable eggs that can be fertilized, and their eggs become weaker and less able to form a healthy embryo, therefore increasing the chances of miscarriage.  There is also a decrease in the actual number of eggs that are released, therefore decreasing the chances of fertilization

If you are over the age of 35 and have concerns about the quantity of your eggs because of your age, it is possible to test your FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) levels.  FSH is the hormone produced by your body that helps to stimulate the growth of your eggs.  There is a simple blood test you can order or you can buy a home test, as well, to determine your egg quantity.

Both men and women are equally likely to be the cause of infertility, and both men and women need to undergo testing to determine possible causes of infertility. Some of the most common causes of infertility in women are as follows:

PCOS:  (polycystic ovarian syndrome), which is a hormonal disorder.

Endometriosis:  a condition where the endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus.

Luteal Phase Defect:  either caused by below-normal progesterone secretion and/or other abnormalities of the uterus.

Some Of The Most Common Causes Of Infertility In Men Are As Follows:

  • Oligiospermia:  either low sperm count or low sperm motility
  • Azoospermia: the complete absence of sperm
  • Blockages or other structural abnormalities
  • Ejaculation disorders

Infertility issues or problems trying to conceive can be frustrating for people who are hoping to start or expand a family.  Understanding the barriers to fertility is the best way to overcome possible problems on the way to conceiving a baby.  Regardless of whether you have been diagnosed with a functional fertility problem or are considered to be perfectly healthy, you always have options.  You may decide to see a fertility specialist and have a fertility workup done.  By having a full and complete workup done, sometimes doctors can find the causes of infertility.  This includes a full physical exams as well as health and sexual histories.

In the absence of obvious problems, such as badly timed intercourse or the lack of ovulation, tests may then be done that may result in prescription medications which can be taken or the performance of procedures like IVF or IUI.  On the other hand, many couples are choosing natural fertility treatments like fertility supplements, acupuncture, nutritional therapies, weight loss, and yoga.

A woman is fertile for only a short length of time during her monthly cycle, and that is just a few days before and during ovulation.  On average this time frame lasts only approximately seven days, from six days before ovulation until the day the egg is released.  Generally most women release an egg 14 days after the first day of their period.  But a cycle length varies from woman to woman, and therefore, so does her day of ovulation.  Peak fertility days are the few days’ right before ovulation and the day of ovulation, therefore, being able to identify these days can help to maximize your chances of conceiving.

Irregular Cycles are defined by variations of more than a few days in length from one month to another.  Many women attempting to conceive are having difficulties with irregular cycles.  Over all, about 10 percent of all women of child bearing age have irregular cycles.  If your cycles aren’t predictable, it’s often difficult to know when you are ovulating.  There are a number of reasons for irregular cycles, including the following:

  • Overweight or underweight
  • Stress
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Drinking too much coffee
  • Smoking, alcohol or drug use
  • PCOS
  • Abnormalities of the Uterus including cysts and endometriosis
  • Recent childbirth or miscarriage
  • Illness

Women who experience irregular cycles may want to try to eliminate as many of the above causes of irregular cycles as they can, and also see a specialist to test for PCOS, endometriosis and other uterine abnormalities.

There are also natural herbal supplements that women trying to conceive can take, such as Chasteberry, otherwise known as Vitexagnuscastus.  Chasteberry can be helpful in balancing hormonal irregularities associated with PCOS and irregular periods.


About Author:

Jenny is a professional blogger who writes extensively for websites, magazines, and offline publication. She currently writes for Consumer Health Plus and focus on topics such as fertility diets and women health.



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